FIRST I-WITNESS DOCU-SEMINAR


(PAUNAWA: Ang Pag-popost ko ng kathang ito ay hindi nangangahulugang muli na naman akong nagyayabang (gaya ng wika ng iilan) Ito po ay sarili kong pamamaraan upang maimbak ang mga mahahalagang pangyayari sa’kin. Gaya ng sabi ko “ang komento ay komento!” maaari n’yong isaad lahat ng gusto n’yo.)

Paano ko ba uumpisahan?

Nagsimula ako sa pagsakay ng LRT at MRT.., Para nga akong tanga dahil hindi ko ‘lam ang bababaan ko kung Shaw ba o Ortigas.. basta ang alam ko sakop pa rin yun ng SM mega Mall.

Sa Ortigas ako bumaba.. huli na nang mapagtanto ko na Alas-10 nga pala nagbubukas ang SM.. har!! har!! naghintay na lang  ako ng kulang-kulang isang oras sa labas.

Pagbubukas ng SM.. agad-agad akong umakyat sa 5th floor, ‘di ko pa lam kung saan banda dun.. nakakita ako ng pila at inisip na iro marahil iyon. Natawa na lang ako ng malaman kong pila pala yun ng mga naka-anime’ costume.. (wahahahaha tanga lang).

Nakita ko naman yung patutunguhan ko.. at naramdaman ko na lang na may makulit sa dibdib ko (dug.., dug…. oo, kinakabahan ako).. lalo na ng makita ko ang mga makakasama sa seminar.. Walanjo!! mga mukhang propesyonal.

Nakalatag sa isang mesa dun ang mga IDs.. kala ko nga wala ako dun..

Nung makita ko ‘yung isa na nakapangalan sa’kin, hindi pa talaga ako makapaniwala na isa talaga ako sa napili.. (drama..)

Matapos makuha ang ID, sa front desk naman para mag-sign.. astig bungad sa’kin ni Mr. Exe. Producer “Hi, Joseph, Musta” hehehhehe di ko ‘lam kung nasagip n’ya name ng ID ko o kilala n’ya talaga ako.

Naghintay lang ako sandali wala pa sigurong limang minuto, Pinapasok na kami agad sa loob..

Wooo HOoo!! daming upuan dami ka pag-pipilian, napili ko sa gitna (3rd row) pero nahiya ng konti kaya sa pangatlong mesa mula sa harapan ako naupo (sa bawat mesa may tatlong upuan) sa gitna uli ako naupo.. Wahahahahaha (ayoko sa gitna)..

binati ako ni Andrew.. “hi Joseph!” nakilala ko s’ya dito sa blog. kaso di kami magkatabi..

maya-maya may tumabi na sa’king dawala si Filipiniana-PUP main at YZA -UP Los Baños. ok sila katabi.. (magpapatawa lang ng konti.., para kaming mapayat, katamtaman at mataba, Peace!! (patay ako pag nabasa ‘to ni Ana).

Sa kadahilanang maaga nakarating ang lahat, maaga ring nag-umpisa ang seminar pero bago pa’yun pinagkape muna kami. (siguro around 10:30)

Pinangunahan ni Ms. Sandra Aguinaldo ang seminar at itinuro n’ya ang ang STORY PITCH AND RESEARCH

SANDRA AGUINALDO

 

The Basic of Story Pitching & Research

 

  • Backbone of Story
  • Test of Idea

 

Research is the test of a good idea

Sources

  • Daily Experience
  • Things around you

 

Sources of IDEAS/INFORMATION

 

  • Government data and agencies
  • Came from the Government

Ø      United Nations (kara david’s Buto’t Balat)

  • Case Studies
  • NGOs advocacy groups
  • Other media foreign shows even films and books e.g. (Oprah)

 

DEVELOPMENT CONTACTS

 

  • Talk to people (taxi driver, basurero, raliyista, security guard. Community leader, youth leader ect.)
  • Build a network –know the right people who can refer you to people who can help.

Ø      (hindi lahat ay totoo, maging mapanuri, maging maanalisa (source)

  • more contacts much better
  • Speacks their language (makisama)
  • Earn their trust (keep your word)

Ø      igalang, irespeto

  • Keep contact numbers and renew ties every now and then.

 

HAVE A THESIS STATEMENT. EVERY DOCUMENTARY SHOULD AND UNDERSTANDING POINT. AS A SESEARCHER, YOU SHOULD KNOW AND UNDERSTANDING.

 

PUTTING ELEMENTS TOGETHER

 

  • What are “elements”? why do you think of elements?

 

ELEMENTS:

 

  • Finding the perfect case study
  • What makes a case study perfect
  • In doing background interviews, what do you ask?
  • Why do you have to do this?
  • How do you choose from among several choices?

Ø      Relay the info

Ø      Brain Storming

Ø      Case Study

Ø      if issue (more interviews)

 

HOW DO YOU ELABORATE ON A TOPIC/STORY?

 

  • analyst, background data, getting all sides it’s investigative

 

ARE YOU SHOWING ANYTHING NOW?

 

  • Almost every topic has already been presented in television. Is there a new angle to your story?

 

THE PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF RESEACH

 

The basic responsibilities of a researcher is to know

 

  • The weather
  • What the team should bring or wear to a shoot
  • Directions, exact location, estimated duration of travel between location.
  • Facilities available and not available in the area.
  • Language barrier
  • Cultural differences
  • Permit for government agencies
  • Permit for shot locations
  • Dangers that the group should prepare for.

 

QUALITIES OF A GOOD RESEARCHER

 

  • Nose for stories (redeveloped)

Ø      ano ang bago?

 

  • Eyes for details (detelyado)

Ø      Makikita ang tunay na istorya,

 

  • “Chismosa” (makipag-usap)
  • Always curious and suspicious

Ø      alamin kung “binobola” ka lang (nagsasabi ban g totoo ang interviewee?)

Ø      abilidad kung sino ang mapagkakakiwalaan

 

  • In touch with the world, can relate to people and speak their language (makamasa adaptable)
  • Charming

Ø      Para makuha ang gusto

 

 

THE RESULT OF THE RESEARCH DETERMINES IT A CERTAIN DOCUMENTARY IS  OR NOT. IT IF IS DOUBLE, RESEARCH IS THE INITIAL BASIS OF THE STORY FLOW AND OUTLINE.

Naku… sabihin ko pa sana lahat dito.. kaso napaka-haba

Pero sa kabuuan naman marami ka talaga matutuhan lalo na’t kaakibat ng bawat paliwag ang mga halimbawang dokyu na nagawa na nila e.g Nanay na Si Nena, Katay Kabayo, Pa-Siyam ect.

Nabigyan din ng pagkakatong mag-grouping at i-apply kung ano ang napag-usap sa seminar..

Astig ka grupo ko, talagang nag-cocooperate, actually marami pa nga sanang magsa-suggestions ng kanilang ideas kaso kapos na ang oras, kaya sa apat na nag-share ng topics dun nalang pumili.. ang ang tapic namin “Ending-Tama Babae” pamilyar naman tau sa ending diba? (tumataya din ako dun, nagpataya pa ako) kaya kakabigla lang na may nangyayari pa lang tao na mismo ang premyo. Kina-astigan ng napili naming subject tumutukoy sa sugal at the same name may mas malala pa palang nakaagapay dito ang prostitusyon.

(Bago ko pala makalimutan) Habang-Naggu-grouping namigay ng T-shirt (yeah Boy!!) astig Black Shirt!!.

Pagkatapos ng grouping Nakahanda na rin ang LUNCH namin,… Yummy Galing YOSHIMA (salamat).

At pagkatapos kumain.., nagbihis na ang lahat para sa “Class Picture” -Naks ang term.

Sayang nga lang ibang picture kasi natabunan ako, buti nlang nag-change position kaya muli akong lumitaw..

Sumunod na naging speaker si JAY TARUC astig ang Entrance (artistahin ang dating) napunta naman sa kanya ang SHOOTING AND DIRECTING.

JAY TARUC

 

SHOOTING AND DIRECTING A DOCUMENTARY

 

Principle behind Shooting a Docu

 

WHAT DOES “SHOOTING” A DOCUMENTARY MEAN?

 

  • INTERVIE/SITUATION

 

Ø      Short form

News (30 seconds)

 

Ø      Long form

Documentary (more explore)

5-6 days –Long

 

HOW IS SHOOTING A DOCU DIFFERENT FROM SHOOTING OTHER FORMATS?

 

  • Shooting is field of word anything goes… expect the unexpected.
  • Shooting is a team effort… and everyone in the team should know how to shoot

 

PREPARING SHOOT

 

  • What do you need?
  • How do you draft a working outline

Ø      visual/outline/short list

Ø      angle

 

  • How do you schedule/Time shoots?

Ø      Timing..

 

  • How do you know where to shoot?

 

BASIC SHOT.

 

  • Wide (establishing)
  • Medium
  • Close-up
  • Extreme close-up
  • Pan —–àß——
  • Tilt / /
  • Zoom (+) (-)

 

 

SHOOTING TECHNIQUES

 

  • Tripod vs. Handheld shots.
  • Importance of shot a length.
  • Importance of having a steady hand.

 

WHAT TO SHOOT

 

  • A roll –interview
  • B roll –situationers. (siters)

 

CAPTURING AUDIO

 

  • Importance of natural sound (NATSOT)
  • Importance of clear audio

Ø      during interviews

 

DIRECTING SHOOTS

 

  • When do you direct case studies?
  • What is the role of a Director in shooting documentaries

 

SHOOTING STYLES

 

  • Cinema Verite
  • Directed docu/styled shooting

 

ETHICS IN SHOOTING

 

  • How do you shoot sensitive subjects?

Ø      consult expert (approach)

Asteg.. dami ko rin natutuhan, kahit basic pa daw yun…

(may chicha while listening…)

Sumunod si KARA DAVID –SCRIPTWRITING

KARA DAVID

 

DOCUMENTARY SCRIPTWRITING

 

Writing =Storytelling

(Lahat tayo ay may kuwento)

 

Ang Pasusulat ay hindi lang tungkol sa salita. Kasama rito ang:

  • Pag-iisp ng topic
  • Reseach at pagpili ng case study
  • Pagtatanong sa interview
  • Pag-aangulo ng shots
  • Pag-pili ng soundbites
  • Pag-sulat ng voice overs
  • Pagvo-voice over.

 

Lahat ng kasali sa produksyon ng dokumentaryo ay mga “scriptwriter” din.

 

Ang wika ng dokumentaryo ay maraming elemento. Ang mga Salita ay instrumento lamang para mapagtahi-tahi ang iba’t-ibang elemento

 

Ang mahusay na pagkukuwento ay

 

  • Malinaw, klaro, malinis
  • Gripping/engaging
  • Kumpleto.
  • May babaunin sa dulo

 

-In other words, good storytelling appeals to the heart, the mind, and the gut.

 

BASIC RULES IN DOCUMENTARY SCRPITWRITING

 

  • Write to video

Ø      If it’s not on tape, it did not happen

                        -Barry Hampe, Documentaries & Reality Television

 

  • Let the videos speak

Ø      less words, less voice overs… much better

Ø      use simple, short sentences

 

BAGO MAGSIMULA SA PAGGAWA NG DOKUMENTARYO, SAGUTIN ANG TANONG : “What is your point?”

 

Avoid redundant sequences/thoughts

Ø      Do not pre-empt soundbites

Ø      Do not summarize what was already said in the bite

Ø      Void “radio announcer style” of voice overs.

 

Sa paggamit ng Metaphors

 

Ø      Ingatang huwag sumobra

Ø      Iwasan ang clichés!

Ø      Do not spoonfees emotions, thoughts,and conclusions.

 

TANDAAN!

 

Ang dokumentaryo ay isang pagtuklas. Hayaan nating tuklasin ng audience ang sarili nilang emosyon at paglalagom.

 

HUWAG MALABO

 

  • Continuity

            Gawing malinis ang pagtatahi ng mga eksena at case study.., pati ang oras, araw at suot ng damit ay importanteng bigyan-pansin.

 

  • Human Interest

            Ilapit sa puso, ilapit sa bituka ang mga kuwento. Ang misyon natin: sa dulo ng dokyumentaryo, dapat magkaroon ng impact sa mga manonood.

 

  • Topic vs. Treatment

            It’s not about having a shocking topic on a big story. It’s about presenting that story in a way hat we call all relate.

 

            Good scripting is about having a CLEAR, ENGAGING and COMPLETE STORY STRUCTURE

 

THE SECRET:

 

“OUTLINING”

 

Why the need for an outline?

 

How to make an outline:

 

  • List down the elements you have
  • Development a thesis statement
  • Segmentize your thesis statement
  • Write “mini” thesis statement per segment
  • After identifying your segments, fill them with elements.

 

Hal.

 

WHAT WE HAVE

 

I Million winner

Piyesta

Soundbite ni 1 million winner

Badtrip pala manalo

Laging tumataya sa lotto pero hindi pa nananalo

Mahabang pila

I million and wife

Past winner na poor na ulit

 

Thesis

 

Swertihan lang sa lotto

1 day millionaire

Winning lotto and happiness

Mahirap ang buhay

Babangon ako at tatayang muli

 

Thesis Staement

 

Sa hirap ng buhay maraming  Pilipino ang nahihibang sa lotto, ikulbli man nila ito. Pero ang buhay ay isang sugal. May nananalo pero ito ang nagdudulot ng pagkatao.

 

  • Sa hirap ng buhay

Ø      nahihibang sa lotto

Ø      nalulugi na sila

Ø      tumataya

 

  • Mga nanalo sa lotto

Ø      1 million winner

Ø      piyesta

 

  • Ang Pagkapanalo ay nagdudulot…

Ø      soundbite (1 million winner)

Ø      wife

Ø      poor ulit

 

SEQUENCING

 

In sequencing, pay attention to…

 

  • Coherence/Logic
  • Hook/Hatak
  • Cliffhangers
  • Time element
  • Treatment (storytelling style)

 

WORDS

 

Be creative in describing videos.

METAPHORS (one sentence that says it all)

 

  •  “tubo lang ang matamis…..”             e.g           BATANG HIRAM,

PRINCESA,

UUWI NA SI UDONG

 

INTRODUCING A SOUNDBITE

  • do not summarize
  • do not preempt

 

TREATMENT/STORYTELLING STYLES

 

  • Micro to Macro (e.g. Buto’t Balat)
  • Immersion (e.g. Jay Taruc’s Basurero)
  • Journey/Travel (e.g. Uuwi na si Udong)
  • Story behind the news/Investigating a phenomenon (e.g. 1001 Pawikan, Mga batang Hiram)

 

  • Documenting Unfolding of events (e.g Piyestang Pinoy).
  • Historical/Mythical/Fairy Tale (e.g. Huling Princesa)
  • Use of Story “tread”
  • Flash backs
  • Splitscreens
  • Combinations of all treatments

 

There are Mill. Ways of telling & retelling a story. Be creative. Be clear. Find the most effective way to present your elements. Again, if it’s not on tape, it did not.

Ang sigla n’ya mag-handle ng crowd… nag-ala RUFFA MAE (hwehehehh para sa’kin).

dami ko rin natutuhan huh.. tinamaan ako sa sinabi n’ya sa pagsusulat… yung tipong magsisimula sa “KA…” den magtatapos sa “…..AN” parang patula… Hahahahhahaha..

Dami ko nga sana itatanong tulad ng “PAANO PUMILI NG MASINING NA PAMAGAT” technique ba.?

kaso, pa ubos na yung time eh..

(Sarap ng Chowking Halo-HAlo ‘di ko nga naubos w/ siopao pa)

Waaaaahhh.. di ko sana ito sasabihin kasi kahihiya hiya ako

HOWIE SEVERINO –EDITING

HOWIE SEVERINO

 

DOCUMENTY EDITING

 

CUT!

 

AN INTRODUCTION TO EDITING

 

Pre Production             Production                    Post Production

Research                      Shooting                       Writing

Topic                           Directing                       Preview

Booking                       Interviewing                  Shotlisting

 

MOSIAC        Material

                        Assemble

                        Coherent

                        Logical

                        Interesting

WRITING

Voicing

Editing

 

MONTAGE –Creative sequencing of shots, without voice over

 

Establishing a theme or subject

Soundbites

 

  • Editing is a craft… because it involves skill and is done with the hands
  • An art because it’s the creative use skill and imagination
  • The language of cinema.

 

If the written language has the word, editing has the shot.

The shot is the basic unit of meaning….

 

THE EDITING LANGUAGE

 

  • if word+word+words=sentence
  • Then shot+shot+shots=sequence
  • Sequence+sequence+sequences=documentary (or a series of sequences)

 

THE PRIMARY TASKS OF EDITING

 

  • Know the strory: Plot, characters, mood, visual styles or treatment
  • Shot selection, sequencing + sound….

 

SHOT SELECTION

 

  • Scan your raw footage
  • Take note of the most telling, interesting and proficient shots
  • Think of ways of using the best shots your story

 

SHOT SEQUENCING

 

  • How should your order the shots?
  • What is the point of the sequence?
  • What is the mood?
  • What is the pacing?

 

ELEMENTS OF A GOOD EDIT

 

  • Smooth change of pace
  • Variety of angles
  • Element of surprise
  • Transitions
  • Graphics
  • Montage
  • File footage

 

AUDIO EDITING

 

  • Music/Scoring: Mood, Information copyright
  • Natural Sound

 

EDITING ETHICS

 

  • Editors have great power, thus great responsibility.
  • Always be fair
  • Provide context for soundbites
  • Guard against sensationalism
  • Be careful about accidental in crimination by wrong placing of video an words
  • Protect/Hide identities of particular subjects: child suspects, sex workers, people with controversial diseases.
  • Secure copyright permission for music and produce: Youtube and other websites, DVD Footage, etc.

 

THE Television industry is not for everyone, but…

 

  • Everyone can be the family
  • Edit photo albums: choose shots and sequence them
  • Edit Family video
  • Preserve and store for the next generation.

 

Natapos ang seminar sa pamimigay ng CERTIFICATES.
Salamat I-WITNESS.!

 

 

 

 

 

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